“This isn’t accomplishing anything” – The US Death Penalty in 2013

19 Dec

On January 16, 2013, Robert Gleason Jnr became the first person to be executed by the American criminal justice system in 2013. He was electrocuted.

A Virginia inmate who pleaded guilty to a 2007 murder, Gleason had also killed two other prisoners while he was serving his sentence. Four US states offer condemned prisoners the option to choose electrocution over lethal injection. Gleason was the first prisoner to choose electrocution since March 2010.

Only 157 death-row electrocutions have taken place out of 1,320 executions since the US death penalty was reinstated in 1976, according to the Death Penalty Information Center.

Gleason’s lawyers had argued he had a long history of mental illness and his condition had deteriorated during a year in solitary confinement.

He repeatedly emphasised that he had waived the appeals process because he knew he would kill again if he was not executed. Governor Bob McDonnell stated that has expressed no remorse for his crimes, and was found competent by the appropriate courts.

The final execution of 2013 in the USA was carried out in Oklahoma State Penitentiary. Johnny Dale Black was executed  on December 17, 2013. He had been convicted of first-degree murder.

According to Oklahoma Corrections representative Jerry Massie, Black’s final words were:

“This isn’t accomplishing anything. It’s just another death, another family destroyed. I love everybody. I love you — you can count on that, Mama.”

In 2013, there were a total of 39 executions in 9 states in America (there were a total of 80 capital sentences imposed in 2013). Just two states, Texas and Florida, were responsible for almost three-fifths of all US executions this year.

A number of prominent capital punishment states, including Louisiana and Tennessee, did not impose a single death sentence in in 2013, while Maryland became the sixth state in six years to abolish capital punishment.

This year was only the second year in almost two decades that America executed fewer than 40 people. Thirty two US states continue to have the death penalty as a sentencing option, while 18 states have abolished capital punishment. The total of executions in America has been falling overall since 1999, when 98 people were executed.

2013 US death penalty graphic

2013 US death penalty graphic

According to the Death Penalty Information Center’s latest annual report, the number of executions declined in 2013. Fewer states passed death sentences, and the number of those of death row decreased year-on year. Richard Dieter, the Centre’s Executive Director has observed that

Twenty years ago, use of the death penalty was increasing. Now it is declining by almost every measure… The recurrent problems of the death penalty have made its application rare, isolated, and often delayed for decades. More states will likely reconsider the wisdom of retaining this expensive and ineffectual practice.”

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